Integrating Health Benefits into Transportation Planning and Policy in India - Issue Brief
This publication highlights the strong connection between public health and transport planning, often unrecognized by either public health or transport practitioners in India. It is planned as an Issue Brief to ensure that transport is brought into the public health discourse and vice versa, and to make the case for conducting health impact assessments (HIA) for urban transport policies and investments prior to implementation. Particularly in developing countries like India, the health impacts from transport are significant, in the form of exposure to air pollutants, impacts on traffic safety and accidents, and the extent to which transport investments and choices encourage (or discourage) physical activity. Through an in-depth literature review of the evidence regarding these health impacts of transportation and methodologies to analyze them, a health impact assessment (HIA) methodology was developed for application in the urban Indian context using known Indian data sources. This use of this methodology was then demonstrated for the case of the Indore Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) project using original pre-project and post-project data, and it could be applied to any other project, provided pre-project baseline health data is collected. To the authors’ knowledge, an analysis of this kind has not been done before for a transport project in India and would provide important insights to both, public health and transport practitioners in India and other developing countries facing similar challenges with urban transport.
Read the Issue Brief here